Class, Gender, and Ethnicity in Postwar Japan

Exploring the Censored Magazines and Newspapers in the Prange Collection
Monday, May 2, 2016 - 9:00am to Friday, September 23, 2016 - 5:00pm

Exhibit image of Class, Gender, and Ethnicity in Postwar JapanDuring the Allied occupation of four years immediately after World War II from 1945 to1949, all publications were censored in Japan. Pre-publication materials in manuscript, galley proof, or print form submitted for approval were examined in striking details by the Civil Censorship Detachment (CCD) under the Press, Pictorial and Broadcasting Division (PPB)—a unit within General Headquarters (GHQ) of the United States Army Forces under General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP). The CCD censored civilian communications including correspondence, telecommunication, press, radio broadcasting and films. Gordon. W. Prange (1910-1980), chief of historical staff who served for the U.S. Army from 1946 to 1951, brought over these pre-publication materials, the most comprehensive print media archive of occupied Japan, from Japan to the University of Maryland where they are now curated. UCLA East Asian Library (EAL) is the only holding library in the West of the Mississippi of this Gordon W. Prange microform collection consisting of 13,783 magazines and 18,047 newspapers and newsletters.

This display prepared to accompany an impromptu round-table discussion or zadankai organized by EAL on May 4, 2016, examines the issues of class, gender and ethnicity in postwar Japan, highlighting publications by Zainichi Koreans (Koreans residing in Japan), articles on Pan-pan girls (street prostitutes), reports on textile workers, and directives from the GHQ as well as signed censorship documents attached to a selection of literary and other magazines. 

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